The hottest optical instruments are developing tow

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Optical instruments: develop in the direction of automation and intelligence

optical metrology instruments from large-scale precision instruments - three coordinate measuring machines to autocollimators and projectors with traditional impactor operation steps have been computerized and photoelectric: the combination of laser technology to check whether there is uneven clamping pressure and the introduction of CCD and other photoelectric devices have created conditions for faster, accurate and reliable detection and monitoring

in the next 10 years, the development of high and new technology "listen more to colleagues and experts to analyze the current situation. The development and application of optical instruments will further promote the integration and intellectualization of optical, electromechanical and computing. Today's intelligent instruments should be more accurately called" computerized "instruments. The high degree of intelligence is the highest level of information technology, which should include a series of functions such as understanding, reasoning, judgment and analysis. It is the result of the combination of numerical value, logic and knowledge. The symbol of intelligence is the expression and application of knowledge. The continuous development and functional perfection of electronic technology, computer technology and optoelectronic devices have created conditions for the instrument to develop to a higher level of intelligence

in the next 10 years, the penetration of light and electricity will be further strengthened, and more new technologies and devices will be promoted and applied. Therefore, different principles will be integrated on the basis of optical, electromechanical and computer integration, and new products will be derived to meet the growing needs of various fields. The development and application of optoelectronic devices and functional materials with excellent performance will accelerate the development of modern optical instruments. For example, the manufacturing technology of CCD devices, semiconductor lasers, optical fiber sensors and so on has become mature, and the application has made a breakthrough, showing a wide range of application prospects. It will certainly bring about important changes in the field of optical instruments and promote the development of products to miniaturization, high-resolution, photoelectricity and automation

the future optical measuring instruments and meters are to simplify the design, compress a large number of parts, improve intelligence and ease of operation, and develop measuring and testing instruments and meters

use the new effects of physics, high and new technologies and their achievements to develop new measurement and testing instruments and new sensor technology with high sensitivity, high stability and strong anti-interference ability. For example, high temperature superconducting quantum interferometer (sguid) is used to develop metrology and testing instruments, physical testing instruments, geological and geological instruments, chemical analysis instruments, medical instruments, nondestructive material testing instruments, etc. It is well known that ellipsometry is used to detect optical fibers, optical glasses, etc. combined with near-field optics, it can not only measure the fine structure of the surface, but also distinguish the material and stress axis 1 material of the measured object according to the polarization information of near-field optical reflection, which is a new exploration of experimental research at present

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