How will trump decide the 201 ambush case after hi

2022-09-21
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How will trump decide the 201 ambush case after his visit to China

under the punitive heavy taxes on photovoltaic, the profits of global photovoltaic manufacturers will face serious cuts. If Chinese photovoltaic enterprises want to maintain the limited market share in the United States, they must work hard and choose the appropriate technical route. Some experts predict that polycrystalline components need to adopt steel wire cut polycrystalline silicon chips with additives or wet flocking, and single crystals must increase perc technology in order to ensure the profits of photovoltaic enterprises. Cost performance is still the key to seize the U.S. market. From November 8 to 10, during the visit of U.S. President trump to China, the major cooperation in the field of energy between China and the United States helped save face for the meeting between the two heads of state. However, November 13 after trump returned home is a day that worries the domestic photovoltaic industry

on November 13, local time in the United States, a 201 photovoltaic investigation document submitted by the wind chime "Kodama echo" of the United States International Trade Commission (USITC) was sent to the Oval Office of the White House, which also means that the decision-making command of whether to impose high tariffs on the global photovoltaic industry, how to impose tariffs, and when to impose tariffs has all been handed over to trump, and the 201 photovoltaic investigation hotspot, which has lasted for several months, has been detonated again

The investigation of Article 201 is essentially a government action of those express cartons and plastic bags thrown away by the United States after implementing trade protection measures. USITC will determine that the increase in imports of foreign products has caused serious damage or threat of serious damage to the domestic industry of the United States, so as to investigate and form recommendations, submit them to the president of the United States and make a final decision

reviewing the 201 steel case, it is still the largest trade barrier case encountered by the global steel industry. The case began in March, 2002, when the then US President George W. Bush passed the bill, imposing a three-year high tax on most imported steel products, up to 30% of the current frequency quadruple technology. The long-term damage and impact on steel and even the world trading system cannot be eliminated

after 15 years, the sword of Damocles hangs on the global photovoltaic industry this time. A bankrupt U.S. enterprise will push all of them to the global photovoltaic industry and submit a photovoltaic investigation of Article 201 to USITC. On May 17, USITC officially decided to launch the investigation, which became the black swan event stunned by the global photovoltaic industry

the United States is the third largest photovoltaic application market in the world, with a total installed capacity of more than 15 GW each year, which is of great importance to the global photovoltaic industry. However, since the United States launched the "double reverse" of China's photovoltaic products for two consecutive times in 2011, China's direct export of photovoltaic products to the U.S. market has been very limited, and China has been forced to build factories in the third producing country for export. The 201 photovoltaic investigation will spread the scope of punitive taxation to the world. Except for a few exempt countries, photovoltaic products imported from the United States by other countries in the world will be levied without exception, even including the United States' own enterprises that invest and build factories overseas, which is very destructive to the global photovoltaic industry. As the world's largest photovoltaic producer, China will inevitably suffer a serious impact

we are fighting to save the American solar industry. This request threatens 260000 jobs in the U.S. solar industry. The solar industry association is fighting against it. We need your help

several U.S. industry research institutions said that once the punitive measures are implemented, it will bring a devastating blow to the U.S. solar market. In addition to photovoltaic applications, all links of the solar energy industry in the United States will be impacted, and the risk of utility companies is the greatest. It is expected that 2/3 of the installation volume will be aborted in the next five years. It is reported that there are more than 600 solar energy manufacturing enterprises in the United States. There are more than 9000 enterprises in the whole industrial chain of solar photovoltaic manufacturing, sales and installation. There are 260000 practitioners, of which about 12% are American veterans. The proportion of veterans employed in the solar energy industry is much higher than that in other industries. At the same time, reports show that if photovoltaic panels rise to the price level in 2011, orders for solar cells exceeding 20 gigawatts will face the risk of cancellation

on the eve of publishing, an internal outflow of materials showed that the four members of USITC had prepared two sets of implementation plans to be submitted

one of the proposals was supported by one member, that is, to levy a quota tax rate of 8.9 GW for Battery + components, plus an import license fee of US $0.01/wp for components within the quota. According to the analysis of industry experts, compared with other schemes, this scheme has the least impact on the U.S. market, and global manufacturers can curve to enter the U.S. market from overseas

the second plan is the quota proposed by the other three members + the initiative to zero tariffs after unloading the load at the end of the experiment, that is, to set different tariffs on battery chips and components. The program is cumbersome and difficult to implement

judging from the remedial measures jointly proposed by the four members, at present, the exempted countries are Australia, Colombia, Costa Rica, dominia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru and Singapore. However, the production capacity of these countries is limited, which is not enough to meet the needs of the U.S. domestic market, and it is difficult to solve the dilemma of high prices of photovoltaic products in the United States

many experts pointed out that the request of the 201 photovoltaic survey in the United States is essentially to meet the needs of the United States to reshape the current overall economic environment, so that the manufacturing industry returns to the United States to improve the employment rate. A domestic analyst pointed out that as early as 2011, the United States has conducted two consecutive double anti investigations on Chinese photovoltaic products. Although it has closed the door for Chinese photovoltaic products to enter the United States, it has also forced Chinese photovoltaic enterprises to accelerate their self-growth in overseas markets. At present, most Chinese photovoltaic enterprises have made leaps and bounds in the development of overseas emerging markets and also have strong overseas anti risk ability, The willingness to return to the United States to build factories is not strong

under the punitive heavy taxes on photovoltaic, the profits of global photovoltaic manufacturers will face serious cuts. If Chinese photovoltaic enterprises want to maintain the limited market share in the United States, they must work hard and choose the appropriate technical route. Some experts predict that polycrystalline components need to adopt steel wire cut polycrystalline silicon chips with additives or wet flocking, and monocrystalline components must increase perc technology to ensure the profits of photovoltaic enterprises. Cost performance is still the key to seize the U.S. market

it is not difficult to imagine that if the 201 photovoltaic survey is passed, although the pressure on the U.S. photovoltaic industry will be relieved for a period of time, the loss will be far greater than the increase in the cost of U.S. photovoltaic products in terms of improving the overall form of the U.S. economy and employment. At the same time, it has also challenged the global free trade system again. Therefore, it is not ruled out that other countries will take retaliation, counter retaliation and safeguard measures against the United States, It means that a new round of trade protection may be ignited at any time

at present, relevant government agencies and the photovoltaic industry in China have always paid the most close attention to and actively defended the 201 photovoltaic investigation. According to Zhang Sen, Secretary General of the solar photovoltaic products branch of the China Chamber of Commerce for machinery and electronics, the chamber of Commerce for machinery and electronics has been communicating and consulting with the United States on international trade. On December 16, a hearing will be held in the United States on the 201 photovoltaic investigation to strive for the reversal of the whole incident

in business, there are no eternal friends or enemies, only eternal interests. According to the analysis of many professionals, as a business elite, trump has a keen judgment on business value. Therefore, the result of the 201 ambush case is unknown. But in the final analysis, only grasping the common interests is the basis for international cooperation between China and the United States and even the world

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