Embarrassment and truth of China's nuclear power o

2022-08-26
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Embarrassment and truth of China's nuclear power output on December 2, 2013, Premier Li Keqiang met with visiting British Prime Minister David Cameron at the Great Hall of the people, saying that China and the UK would carry out substantive cooperation in nuclear power, and that Chinese enterprises were willing to invest, participate in and even control British nuclear power construction projects

this is not the first time that Chinese leaders have stated their position on international cooperation in nuclear power in public. In fact, during his trip to Europe and Asia at the end of November, Li Keqiang became a super salesman and highly recommended China's high-speed rail, 4G and nuclear power technologies on many occasions

pay attention to the recent foreign affairs activities of national leaders. It is not difficult to find that China's nuclear power output has actually been mentioned as important as the output of high-speed rail. Compared with the diplomatic achievements such as high-speed rail for beef and high-speed rail for rice, which have been hyped by the media, China's cooperation achievements in the field of nuclear power are not inferior. So far, many large-scale projects have been included in the list of foreign cooperation

nuclear power diplomacy moves frequently

China's nuclear power diplomacy has been moving frequently recently. On November 26, 2013, Premier Li Keqiang strongly recommended China's nuclear power to the leaders of 16 central and Eastern European countries when attending the China CEE leaders' meeting in Bucharest. In his six point proposal on deepening cooperation between China and central and Eastern European countries, he said that the Chinese government supports domestic enterprises to actively participate in the construction of nuclear power and other power projects in central and Eastern European countries, and hopes relevant countries to improve the investment environment

on December 2, when Li Keqiang met with visiting British Prime Minister Cameron, he mentioned nuclear power cooperation again, saying that China has safe technology and high cost performance in the field of nuclear power and high-speed rail, and hoped that the two countries would strengthen cooperation and jointly develop third-party markets. He asked the UK to adhere to the transparent and open market, maintain the stability and continuity of investment policies, treat Chinese capital, technology and equipment equally, and protect the interests of Chinese investors in the UK

Li Keqiang's proposal received a positive response from the UK. Cameron welcomed Chinese enterprises to invest in the UK, supported China to participate in and even control shares in the UK, and paid attention to the whole process of environmental friendly and safe nuclear power construction projects in the research and development, production and use of new materials. France, a nuclear power power, then extended an olive branch to China's nuclear power. On December 8, French Prime Minister eiro visited China and announced that he would strengthen nuclear energy cooperation with China in the new direction of jointly developing the third-party nuclear power market

looking back on China's 30-year history of nuclear power development, China's nuclear power initially introduced technology and funds from France to build Guangdong Daya Bay nuclear power station. During this visit to China, arrow specially visited Guangdong Taishan nuclear power station, which is the largest cooperation project in the field of energy between China and France, and is expected to become the world's first European pressurized water reactor (EPR) unit put into commercial operation

30 years later, China's nuclear power began to shift from import to export. In October, 2013, the National Energy Administration issued a document, which proposed the "going global" strategy for nuclear power for the first time, supporting nuclear power enterprises to participate in international project competition in diversified ways such as engineering construction, equipment manufacturing, technical support and national bank loans, and continuously improving the overall level and international competitiveness of China's nuclear power

nuclear power giants attacked in all directions

in this round of nuclear power going out strategy, echoing the high-profile marketing of Chinese leaders, the two giants of Chinese nuclear enterprises, China Nuclear Industry Corporation (hereinafter referred to as CNNC) and China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group (hereinafter referred to as CNNC), followed up step by step, and achieved a lot

On November 26, the pakistan karachi nuclear power project, the largest energy project invested by China in Pakistan so far, was officially launched. The project will cost US $9.6 billion, of which some facilities, including two nuclear reactors, are assisted by CNNC. If the project goes smoothly, it is expected to supply 2200 MW of power to Pakistan by 2019

with the implementation of Karachi nuclear power project, Pakistan will become the first country in the world to apply China 3 The measurement characteristics of the extensometer system matched with the experimental machine are those of acp1000 nuclear reactor with independent intellectual property rights. If nothing happens, the next customer of acp1000 technology will be Argentina. CNNC, the Argentine nuclear power company and the Argentine Atomic Energy Commission have carried out joint research on the use of acp1000 technology to build new nuclear power projects and related facilities in Argentina

In December, CNNC and Kazatomprom signed a joint action protocol on nuclear energy cooperation to implement a package of cooperation programs in uranium resource development, nuclear fuel processing, natural uranium trade, transit transportation, nuclear power plant construction, etc

in addition, China National Nuclear Power Technology Corporation, a subsidiary of CNNC, will focus on South Africa and Brazil for overseas market expansion, and the model adopted will be the third-generation nuclear power cap1400 with independent intellectual property rights

for CGNPC, on November 25, the day Li Keqiang arrived in Romania, CGNPC signed a letter of intent with the Romanian National Nuclear Power Company on the construction of units 3 and 4 of the Romanian chernaward nuclear power station. It is reported that Romania plans to add two nuclear power reactors by 2019, with a total cost of about US $5.1 billion

earlier, CGNPC also cooperated with CNNC and EDF to participate in the construction of the Hinkley point c nuclear power plant project in the UK. The project is worth 16billion pounds, and the total shares of the two Chinese funded groups will be about 30% - 40%. In fact, the benefits of China's cooperation with the UK go far beyond these book figures. Li Ning, Dean of the school of energy of Xiamen University, believes that the UK is one of the first countries in the world to realize the commercialization of nuclear power. Therefore, Chinese nuclear power enterprises will gain brand publicity effect, which will not only open a breakthrough in the markets of developed countries, but also pave the way for entering the markets of Southeast Asia, the Middle East and Africa in the future

it can be expected that after China's nuclear power enters the UK and is recognized by developed countries, parts and components will also get export opportunities. During his visit to China in October, U.S. energy secretary Ernest Moniz made it clear that under a bilateral agreement between the United States and China, Chinese enterprises will provide parts and components to U.S. nuclear power plants in Georgia and Southern California; In addition, American and Chinese enterprises are expected to jointly bid for overseas nuclear power projects

technology and equipment output still need time

the driving force behind China's large-scale nuclear power output can be traced back to the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident in March 2011

at that time, China had just incorporated nuclear power into a strategic emerging industry. In 2010, a total of 43 preliminary feasibility reports of nuclear power projects were reviewed and approved, including 31 inland nuclear power plants. China's nuclear power industry is poised to expand on a large scale. Unexpectedly, after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, the Chinese government immediately suspended all nuclear power projects under construction, and many nuclear power enterprises could only wait in anxiety

this period lasted for 18 months. Until October 2012, the Chinese government announced the restart of some nuclear power projects, making it clear that new nuclear power units must meet the third generation safety standards, and only a few fully demonstrated nuclear power project sites will be arranged in coastal areas during the 12th Five Year Plan period, rather than inland nuclear power projects

a large number of nuclear power projects have been suspended or postponed, resulting in overcapacity in the domestic nuclear power construction field and idle equipment, so we have to turn our attention to overseas. At the same time, after the Fukushima nuclear accident, Japan, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and other developed countries have successively abandoned nuclear power or reduced the proportion of nuclear power, which also provides a rare opportunity for China's nuclear power to enhance its international competitiveness

after the international financial crisis, in the face of debt ridden European governments and weak international markets, China's generous capital investment has become a powerful driver of nuclear power output. According to a senior engineer of CGNPC, CGNPC's rich funds have played a key role in its nuclear power cooperation with the UK. The Hinkley point nuclear power project in the UK was originally a joint venture between Centrica, a British local enterprise, and EDF, a French energy company. At the beginning of 2013, Centrica announced that it was unable to afford a huge investment and withdrew, which gave Chinese nuclear power enterprises the opportunity to participate

there is a similar situation in nuclear power cooperation with Romania. In 2010, Czech electric power company CEZ announced its withdrawal from Romania's chernaward nuclear reactor project; Four months later, RWE in Germany, Iberdrola in Spain and gdfsuez in France also announced their withdrawal, and said in a joint statement that the reason for their withdrawal was the uncertainty of the local economy and market. Romania, which has lost its partner, has turned its attention to China and has repeatedly expressed its intention of cooperation to CGNPC

Chinese nuclear power enterprises are committed to international nuclear power cooperation, and pay more attention to project contracting and equipment output while exporting funds. But the current problem is that Britain, including Prime Minister Cameron, has never given public support to China's attempts to participate in the construction of nuclear power projects and the export of equipment, and even the visas of Chinese personnel in business and other aspects have not been released

Chinese enterprises' participation in the UK can be enriched and improved from time to time with the development of experimental machine measurement and control technology and the change of experimental specifications. Although the national project has taken a gratifying step, it still needs hard efforts to realize the export of nuclear power technology and nuclear power equipment with independent intellectual property rights. After all, China's nuclear power has implemented the route of introduction + localization in technology for a long time. Of the 15 nuclear power units built and operated at present, except for the 300000 kW units in Qinshan Phase I, which are independently designed, the other 10 units are all imported technology, and the scarcity of original technology is still the key problem restricting the output of nuclear power. At present, China is undertaking the third generation AP1000 technology transferred by Westinghouse and the high temperature gas cooled reactor nuclear power technology developed by Tsinghua University and Huaneng Group. Whether it can be recognized worldwide, it still needs time to test whether the interior decoration or materials contributed by China automobile center will continue to be acceptable for VOCs

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